World AIDS Day has become the most recognized health day celebration internationally.
World AIDS Day is designated on first December every year since 1988 and is dedicated to raising awareness of the AIDS pandemic and mourning those who have died of the disease.
As of 2013, AIDS has killed more than 36 million people worldwide from 1981 to 2012 and an estimated 35.3 million people are living with HIV, making it one of the most important global public health issues in history. Despite recent improved access to antiretroviral treatment in many regions of the world, the AIDS epidemic claims an estimated 2 million lives each year, of which about two hundred and seventy thousand are children.
Some of the main objectives of the World AIDS Day therefore are to bring together the world’s experts to advance knowledge about HIV, present new research findings, promote and enhance scientific and community collaborations as to promote HIV responses that are supported by and tailored to the needs of at risk populations or people living with HIV, including women and girls, men who have sex with men, transgender people, sex workers, youths, and drug users.
Others are to promote activism and community mobilization that hold leaders, industry, and governments accountable and increases their commitment to an evidence-based, human-rights-affirming HIV and AIDS response; to aware people about the antiretroviral medicines or other commodities which can help them to fight HIV/AIDS and to decrease and control the number of patients infected by HIV/AIDS as well as to encourage the peer groups for condom.
AIDS has spread worldwide from the inception of its discovery in USA in 1981 to Kenya Nairobi in 1984 to Kaduna Nigeria in 1986 to the entire mankind involving children and adults in an exponential increase and was doubling in incidence in every 10 months with a very alarming mortality rate. Signs and Symptoms of HIV/AIDS are: Fever, Chills, Sore throat, Sweats during night, Enlarged glands, Weight loss, Tiredness, Weakness, Joint pain and Muscle ache.
But, in many cases of this disease, the initial symptoms are disappeared for many years during which HIV virus cause damages to the immune system which is incurable. The infected person never feels any symptoms during this period and appears healthy. But, in the late stage of HIV infection (when virus weakens the immune system to fight against it) the person develops illness with AIDS. The signs and symptoms of the late stage infection include Blurred vision, Fever, Diarrhea, Dry cough, Weight loss and Tuberculosis.
There are some myths which are spread in the society about AIDS. AIDS is not spread through hand shake, hug, sneeze, unbroken skin touch or the use of same toilet. AIDS is spread when HIV infected person comes in contact with a healthy person’s blood or sex organ, anus, mouth or open wound or injury. HIV spreads through indiscriminate sexual activities, unscreened blood transfusion, sharing of used needle or using one needle, razor blades, ear-piercing equipment, pedicure and manicure equipment, barbing clippers with an infected person. Homosexuality is another latent cause of AIDS
In addition, AIDS can be spread from mother to fetus via placenta, mother to child through breast milk, through unrestricted sexual activities, unsterilized intravenous and intramuscular injections, unscreened HIV blood transfusion, unsterilized male circumcision, sharing of unsterilized cutters, drug addiction and alcoholism which result in uncontrollable and excessive sexual urge. If one experiences these symptoms, the person is advised to see the doctor and go for HIV test. Do not panic as the doctor will be of good assistance to you.
Stigmatization is the militating issue of HIV/AIDS. The attitude of people to those who have HIV/AIDS is disheartening. Most of HIV/AIDS victims are abandoned by the various families. Members of the public avoid and despise them. Nobody wants to help. The lives of HIV/AIDS patients have already been concluded by those who are supposed to help. This is wrong.
HIV/AIDS cannot easily affect any person through close contact. The victims need compassion, helping hands and any good offer that can alleviate other sicknesses. It is our duty to care for HIV/AIDS victims to enable them live their full lives.